Comparing Existential Sentences in Chinese, English and Vietnamese from the Perspective of Linguistic Typology

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54855/ijte.222317

Keywords:

Keywords: existential sentence, type of linguistics, syntax, order, asymmetric

Abstract

Chinese existential sentences denote “somewhere appears, exists or disappears something or someone” (someone or something exists, appears or disappears somewhere). This paper comes from the perspective of semantics and syntax to analyze and find out more about the existential sentences of Vietnamese with English and Chinese, and compares the similarities and differences of the three components “component of place”; “verb indicating the existence”; the "existence subject" of the three languages. The paper has applied the cognitive theory of spatial relationships to explain the different orders of existential sentences in these three languages. The paper goes one step further with the preliminary study of existential sentences in Japanese, Korean, and Thai, and finds that Eastern languages ​​can use the form of existential sentences to express two meanings: one is “in somewhere exists something”; and two is “in somewhere is lost something”, but Indo-European English cannot use the form of the existential sentence to express the idea “in somewhere is lost something”.

Author Biography

Vo Thi Quynh Trang, Ho Chi Minh City University of Food Industry, Vietnam

Vo Thi Quynh Trang ph.D, Lecturer at Faculty of Foreign Languages, Ho Chi Minh City University of Food Industry, Vietnam. Specializing in teaching Chinese, comparative study of Chinese, English and Vietnamese grammar, foreign language teaching methods.

References

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Published

17-06-2022

How to Cite

Vo, T. Q. T. (2022). Comparing Existential Sentences in Chinese, English and Vietnamese from the Perspective of Linguistic Typology. International Journal of TESOL & Education, 2(3), 246–259. https://doi.org/10.54855/ijte.222317