Ethics and Malpractice

The Statement of Publication Ethics & Malpractice

The International Journal of TESOL & Education (ijte) (ISSN: 2768-4563) is committed to upholding ethical standards, retracting and correcting errors. The editorial team's primary responsibility is to discourage publishing malpractice. Any type of unethical conduct is unacceptable, and this Journal's Editorial Team does not tolerate plagiarism in any form. All manuscripts must be the authors' original work and free of indications of plagiarism.

Conflicts of Interests

Authors are requested to disclose interests that are directly or indirectly related to the work submitted for publication. Interests within the last 3 years of beginning the work (conducting the research and preparing the work for submission) should be reported. Interests outside the 3-year time frame must be disclosed if they could reasonably be perceived as influencing the submitted work. Disclosure of interests provides a complete and transparent process and helps readers form their own judgments of potential bias. This is not meant to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or compensation received for consultancy work is inappropriate. Please download this form.

Conflicts of interest statement

Disclosures and declarations

All authors are requested to include information regarding sources of funding, financial or non-financial interests, study-specific approval by the appropriate ethics committee for research involving humans and/or animals, informed consent if the research involved human participants, publication on vulnerable populations, and a statement on the welfare of animals if the research involved animals (as appropriate).

The decision on whether such information should be included is not only dependent on the scope of the journal, but also the scope of the article. Work submitted for publication may have implications for public health or general welfare and in those cases, it is the responsibility of all authors to include the appropriate disclosures and declarations.

Research involving Human Participants and/or Animals (Download this form)

Compliance with Ethical Standards

To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), informed consent if the research involved human participants, publication on vulnerable populations, and a statement on the welfare of animals if the research involving animals.

Authors should include the following statements (if applicable) in a separate section entitled “Compliance with Ethical Standards” when submitting a paper:

Please note that standards could vary slightly per journal dependent on their peer review policies (i.e. single or double-blind peer review) as well as per journal subject discipline. Before submitting your article check the instructions following this section carefully.

The corresponding author should be prepared to collect documentation of compliance with ethical standards and send it if requested during peer review or after publication.

The Editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned guidelines. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned guidelines.

Please have close looks at the ethical principles for vulnerable groups and individuals.

Data transparency

All authors are requested to make sure that all data and materials, as well as software applications or custom code support their published claims and comply with field standards. Please note that journals may have individual policies on sharing research data in concordance with disciplinary norms and expectations.

Results and findings

Fabrication, falsification, or selective representation of data with the intent to cheat or mislead is immoral, as is stealing data or research results from anyone. The study's conclusions should be recorded and stored for further examination and assessment. Data should be retained for an appropriate period of time and rendered accessible upon request. Exceptions can be justified under such circumstances to safeguard sensitive records, to secure patent rights, or for similar reasons.


A manuscript's authors should be limited to those who have made substantial contributions. All those who have contributed significantly should be given the opportunity to be quoted as writers. Other contributors to the work should be noted. Articles should contain a comprehensive list of all writers' existing institutional affiliations, both scholarly and corporate.

All authors whose names appear on the submission:

1. made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work;

2. drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content;

3. approved the version to be published; and

4. agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Role of the Corresponding Author

One author is assigned as Corresponding Author and acts on behalf of all co-authors and ensures that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately addressed.

The Corresponding Author is responsible for the following requirements:

1. ensuring that all listed authors have approved the manuscript before submission, including the names and order of authors;

2. managing all communication between the Journal and all co-authors, before and after publication;

3. providing transparency on re-use of material and mention any unpublished material (for example manuscripts in press) included in the manuscript in a cover letter to the Editor;

4. making sure disclosures, declarations and transparency on data statements from all authors are included in the manuscript as appropriate.

The requirement of managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors during submission and proofing may be delegated to a Contact or Submitting Author. In this case please make sure the Corresponding Author is clearly indicated in the manuscript.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors can guarantee that their writings are entirely unique and that any writing or words credited to another are properly referenced. Additionally, publications that had an impact on the nature of the finding reported in the manuscript should be acknowledged. The writers must certify that the manuscript has never been written before.

It is not permitted to copy text from other publications without correctly attributing the source (plagiarism) or to publish several papers with nearly identical material by the same writers (self-plagiarism). It is against the law to concurrently apply the same results to more than one Journal. It is prohibited for authors to present results collected from others as their own. Authors should consider the work of those who shaped the direction and course of their research.

Check plagiarism

The ijte will conduct a plagiarism check on all submitted papers using Turnitin's program. The ijte only considers papers with less than 20% similarity index for publication. IJTE will immediately reject any paper that involves plagiarism.

AI and AI-Assisted Tools

Authorship implies human-only responsibilities and duties. Each author is responsible for ensuring that any questions regarding the accuracy or integrity of any portion of the work are adequately investigated and resolved, and authorship requires the ability to endorse the final version of the work and consent to its submission. The authors are also responsible for ensuring that the work is original, that the indicated authors qualify for authorship, and that the work does not violate the rights of third parties.

Papers generated by AI or AI-assisted Tools are not accepted for publication in this Journal. This policy pertains only to the writing process and not to the use of AI tools to analyze data and gain insights for the research procedure. This policy does not prohibit the use of artificial intelligence and AI-assisted instruments in formal research design or research methods. When AI or AI-assisted tools are used in this context, they should be described in the Methods section as part of the work's methodology.

The authors are responsible and answerable for the content of their work. The authors should indicate in their manuscript if they utilized AI and AI-assisted technologies, and a corresponding statement will appear in the final product. Disclosure of the use of these technologies promotes honesty and trust among authors, readers, reviewers, editors, and contributors and facilitates adherence to the tool's or technology's terms of service.

Duplicate submission

The authors must certify that the manuscript is not being considered for publication elsewhere during submission.

Corrections and retractions

All writers are required to notify and collaborate with journal editors to retract or correct errors in published works expeditiously.

The Journal will withdraw articles if there is compelling proof that the conclusions are false, either as a consequence of deception (data fabrication) or dishonest (miscalculation); or in case the results were published elsewhere without properly referenced, consent, or explanation (redundant publication); or the study involves plagiarism or immoral analysis.

Employers bear the primary responsibility for combating study fraud. We will check with referees and the Editorial Team if we become aware of any possible misconduct. If evidence exists, we will remedy the situation by making fair corrections to the online Journal; refusing to consider future work by an author for a given period of time, and contacting affected writers and editors of other journals.


Authors should treat all communication with the Journal as confidential which includes correspondence with direct representatives from the Journal such as Editors-in-Chief and/or Managing Editors and reviewers’ reports unless explicit consent has been received to share information.

Publication Ethics

The International Journal of TESOL & Education publishes papers that have been written within the framework of an appropriate research design. The relevant procedures must be followed. The editorial team and reviewers are tasked with the responsibility of monitoring these steps.

The editors and publishers are mindful of the ramifications of detecting research misconduct.

In the event of ethical violation or research misconduct, ijte removes the article from its website and requests an explanation from the corresponding author within seven days. The ijte editorial team reviews the responses and makes the final decision on the report.

The Editorial Team and Publisher of the ijte state unequivocally that any revisions, clarifications, retractions, or apologies will be published on the Journal's website.

Reviewers’ responsibilities
Each reviewer makes a voluntary contribution to their time. Reviewers play a critical part in ensuring the editorial decision-making process is as high-quality as possible.

Reviewers must have an impartial assessment of the paper based on their existing knowledge of the field, as well as previous research and literature. They are required to complete their evaluations within the deadline specified when the request for review was accepted. This timeliness is critical in assisting writers in completing their manuscripts in a fair amount of time and in ensuring that journal issues are published on time. Reviewers are required to notify the publisher of any significant resemblance to other articles they are aware of. They are obligated to maintain the confidentiality of all analysis materials. Additionally, reviewers are required to notify the editor whether they feel they may be in a position to profit from the review (for example, but not limited to, declaring any professional or personal relationship which might compromise the review).

Decisions of publication

The editors ensure that all manuscripts submitted for consideration of publication receive peer review by at least two experts. The Editor-in-Chief or managing editor is responsible for selecting manuscripts for publication from those sent to the journal, taking into account the work's validity, value to academics and audiences, the views of critics, and all other applicable legal provisions including libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. When making this determination, the Editor-in-Chief or managing editor can consult with other editors or reviewers.