The Differences of Individual Learners in Second Language Acquisition

Authors

  • Viet Quoc Hoang Tra Vinh University

Keywords:

age, gender gap, individual differences, motivation, second language acquisition, strategies

Abstract

Second language acquisition is believed to be affected by many factors such as external factors including communicative environment factors, comprehensive inputs, etc.; moreover, inside-learner factors or individual learner differences such as the physiology, namely, aptitude, age of onset, gender, emotion, or motivation of learning, and strategies adopted also contribute significantly to the process of learning. This literature review is predominantly to investigate individual differences towards second language acquisition and the relationship and correlation of the factors.

References

Abrahamsson, Niclas & Hyltenstam, Kenneth. (2009). Age of Onset and Nativelikeness in a Second Language: Listener Perception Versus Linguistic Scrutiny. Language Learning. 59. 249 - 306. 10.1111/j.1467-9922.2009.00507.x.

Abu Radwan, Adel. (2011). Effects of L2 proficiency and gender on choice of language learning strategies by university students majoring in English. Asian EFL Journal. 13. 115-163. https://www.asian-efl-journal.com/PDF/March-2011-aar.pdf

Alizadeh, Mitra. (2016). The Impact of Motivation on English Language Learning. http://ijreeonline.com/article-1-23-en.pdf

Ansyari, M. & Rahmi, Hasni. (2016). A Comparison between Male and Female Students' Language Learning Strategies Preference. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329011956_A_Comparison_between_Male_and_Female_Students'_Language_Learning_Strategies_Preference_in_Learning_English_at_Senior_High_School_12_Pekanbaru

Bernat, Eva & Lloyd, Rosemarie. (2007). Exploring the gender effect on EFL learners' beliefs about language learning. Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology. 7. 79-91. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228351609_Exploring_the_gender_effect_on_EFL_learners%27_beliefs_about_language_learning

Carrio-Pastor, María & Mestre-Mestre, Eva. (2014). Motivation in Second Language Acquisition. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 116. 240–244. 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.201.

Cocca, M., García, J.A., Zamarripa, J., Demetriou, Y., & Cocca, A. (2017). Psychometric parameters of the attitude/motivation test battery instrument in a mexican environment. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Psychometric-parameters-of-the-attitude%2Fmotivation-Cocca-Garc%C3%ADa/2cd4d3db4cd884be9431977ecb0521cd41b90166#references

Coskun, Lokman. (2014). The Girls are Better at Language Learning: A Comparative Approach. Journal of Educational and Social Research. 10.5901/jesr.2014.v4n2p17.

Finn, A. S. (2013, September 21). The sensitive period for language acquisition: The role of age related differences in cognitive and neural function. eScholarship, University of California. https://escholarship.org/uc/item/44j0q2fv.

Gargalianou, Vasiliki & Muehlfeld, Katrin & Urbig, Diemo & van Witteloostuijn, Arjen. (2016). Foreign Language Anxiety in Professional Contexts: A Short Scale and Evidence of Personality and Gender Differences. Schmalenbach Business Review. 17. 195–223. 10.1007/s41464-016-0007-6.

Gonzales, R. D. L. C. (2010). Motivational Orientation in Foreign Language Learning: The Case of Filipino Foreign Language Learners. https://www.academia.edu/1050933/Motivational_Orientation_in_Foreign_Language_Learning_The_Case_of_Filipino_Foreign_Language_Learners.

Gonzales, Richard & Lopez, Marcos. (2015). Foreign Language Learning Motivation Questionnaire: Further Examination of a Six-Factor Model. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/269576750_Foreign_Language_Learning_Motivation_Questionnaire_Further_Examination_of_a_Six-Factor_Model

Hammad, Aaidha. (2016). Age and Second Language Acquisition: A Case Study from Maldives. International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering. 10. 2537 - 2540. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2009.00507.x

Jimenez-Catalan, Rosa M. (2003). Sex differences in L2 vocabulary strategies. International Journal of Applied Linguistics. 13. 54 - 77. 10.1111/1473-4192.00037.

Krčelić, Petra. (2017). WHY (NOT) LEARN ENGLISH: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LEARNERS' MOTIVATION AND DEMOTIVATION. 124-129. 10.21125/edulearn.2017.1028.

Muhammad, Akram & Ghani, Mamuna. (2013). GENDER AND LANGUAGE LEARNING MOTIVATION. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/341164307_GENDER_AND_LANGUAGE_LEARNING_MOTIVATION

Nikitina, L., & Furuoka, F. (2007). Language Classroom: A "Girls' Domain"? Female and Male Students' Perspectives on Language Learning. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED508640.pdf

Peters, C. (2019). Analyzing the Gender Gap in Second Language Acquisition: A New ESL Curriculum for Latina English Learners. https://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3290&context=utk_chanhonoproj

Tejada Reyes, Venecia. (2018). PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSONALITY FACTORS IN LEARNING ENGLISH FOREIGN LANGUAGE. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED592408.pdf

Viriya, Chayata & Sapsirin, Sutthirak. (2014). Gender differences in language learning style and language learning strategies. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics. 3. 10.17509/ijal.v3i2.270.

Wang, W. (1998, November 30). Age and Second Language Acquisition in Adulthood: The Learning Experiences and Perceptions of Women Immigrants. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ585971.

Wimolmas, Ratanawalee. (2013). A Survey Study of Motivation in English Language Learning of First Year Undergraduate Students at Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat University. http://www.litu.tu.ac.th/journal/FLLTCP/Proceeding/904.pdf

Öztürk, Gökhan & Gurbuz, Nurdan. (2012). The impact of gender on foreign language speaking anxiety and motivation. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292991853_The_impact_of_gender_on_foreign_language_speaking_anxiety_and_motivation

Downloads

Published

08-06-2021

How to Cite

Hoang, V. Q. (2021). The Differences of Individual Learners in Second Language Acquisition. International Journal of TESOL &Amp; Education, 1(1), 38–46. Retrieved from https://i-jte.org/index.php/journal/article/view/6