Using Scaffolding to Improve Online Group Presentation in English Literature Classes: An Action Study at Van Lang University




Scaffolding, Groupwork presentation, English literature, Action research


The aim of this study is to examine the use of scaffolding to improve online group-work presentations in English literature classes. Different stages of action research such as planning, acting, observation, and reflection are described in detail. Three scaffolding activities (questioning, feedback, and providing digital resources) were used in this present study. Qualitative analysis reveals that teachers' scaffolding activities were found to be useful in supporting students’ online presentation of literary texts. Specifically, it was found that teacher and peer feedback scaffolding played an important role in helping learners better understand literary texts. Another finding is that, on the one hand, questioning encouraged learners to explore different aspects of literary works. Providing resources, on the other hand, has a practical impact in helping learners out of frustration in searching for pertinent facts about the presentation tasks. The study can be a useful source of reference in teaching English literature online, especially in a multimodal learning environment.

Author Biography

Nguyen Hoa Mai Phuong, Faculty of Foreign Languages, Van Lang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Dr. Nguyen Hoa Mai Phuong is a senior lecturer at Van Lang University, Ho Chi Minh City. She has over 18 years of experience teaching English to all ages and levels of students. She was a full-time lecturer at University of Sciences, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, and International University (Vietnam National University). She is currently working as a full-time lecturer, teaching Literature and Research Methods. Her doctoral thesis is about conversational strategies used in literary works. She has published 12 research articles in TESOL and literary analysis in both local and international journals. As a secretary, Dr Nguyen played an active role in organizing AsiaCALL Conference at Van Lang University. Dr Nguyen has served as a reviewer and a committee member of M.A thesis defenses in Thu Dau Mot University. She also serves as a reviewer for AsiaCALL Conference Proceedings (2020) and VLTESOL Conference Proceedings (2022). Her current research interests are literary analysis, translation study, and TESOL and academic writing.


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How to Cite

Nguyen, H. M. P. (2022). Using Scaffolding to Improve Online Group Presentation in English Literature Classes: An Action Study at Van Lang University. International Journal of TESOL & Education, 2(4), 21–31.



Research Article