The Effects of Reading Habits on Writing Performance: A Case Study at Van Lang University




reading habits, writing performance, correlation


Reading habits and writing performance reportedly share a close correlation; however, there has been less investigation on this aspect in Vietnam. The research aims to bridge the gap in the literature review with a description of Van Lang University English majors’ reading patterns, a report of their writing ability, and a conclusion on the relation between these two elements. Quantitative data were collected through an online questionnaire discovering students’ reading habits and a writing test administered to evaluate their writing performance. The test results were analyzed through Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 26 (SPSS 26). Additionally, Pearson correlation and linear regression were applied to confirm the influences of five elements in reading habits on students’ writing performance. Qualitative data were obtained through a structured interview and then quantified with Microsoft Excel 2019. The interview was carried out to generalize the reading patterns of different purposive samples categorized by their writing marks. The result of the study asserts a positive correlation between students’ reading habits and their writing performance (robtained=0.433 to 0.542), and nearly 60% of the segments of the reading patterns were proved to have a great contribution to writing ability. The study indicates that a good reading habit entails improvement in writing achievement. The research suggests further investigation of factors influencing reading habits, the effects of teachers' instructions on students' writing performance, and the genres of essays that are most affected by reading patterns.

Author Biography

Hang Thi Thu Nguyen, Faculty of Foreign Languages, Van Lang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Ms. Nguyen Thi Thu Hang, M.A. is a lecturer at Van Lang University, Ho Chi Minh City. She has had more than 10 years of teaching English-majored students. Her main interests include Language Teaching Methodology, Learner Autonomy, and Language Assessment.


Abidin, M., Pour-Mohammadi, & Jesmin, A. (2011). A survey of online reading habits of rural secondary school students in Malaysia. International Journal of Linguistics, 3(1), 1-18. Retrieved from

Acheaw, M. & Larson, A. (2014). Reading habit among students and its effect on academic performance: A study of students of Koforidua Polytechnic. Library Philosophy and Practice.

Aebersold, J. & Field M. (1997). From reader to reading teacher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ahn, B. (2014). A critical reading and text organization-enhanced writing lesson. Issues in EFL, 10(1), 75–80.

Akabuike, I., G., & Asika, I. E. (2012). Reading habits of undergraduates and their academic performances: Issues and perspectives. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia, 6(2), 246-257.

Akbar, F. (2014). The role of reading in improving speaking skill in the context of teaching English as a foreign language. International Journal of English Language & Translation Studies, 2(4), 92-98.

Alqadi, K., & Alkadi, M. (2013). The effect of extensive reading on developing the grammatical accuracy of the EFL freshmen at Al Al-Bayt University. Journal of Education and Practice, 4(6), 106-113.

Arndt, H. L., & Woore, R. (2018). Vocabulary learning from watching YouTube videos and reading blog posts. Language Learning & Technology, 22(3), 124-142.

Bailey, S. (2003). Academic writing. A practical guide for students. (1st ed.). London: Routledge. Nelson Thornes Ltd.

Balan, S., Katenga, J. E., & Simon, A. (2019). Reading habits and their influence on academic achievement among students at Asia Pacific International University. Abstract Proceedings International Scholars Conference, 7(1), 1490-1516. Retrieved from

Chuenchaichon, Y. (2011). Impact of intensive reading on the written performance of Thai University EFL writers. Language Studies Working Papers, 3(2011), 3-14.

Clark, C. & Rumbold, K. (2006). Reading for pleasure: A research overview. London: National Literacy Trust.

Daniel, O. C., Esoname, S. R., Chima, O.-O. D., & Udoaku, O. S. (2017). Effect of reading habits on the academic performance of students: a case study of the students of Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti state. Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies, 2(5), 74-80. doi: 10.11648/j.tecs.20170205.13

Druckman, E. (2016). Don’t throw out paper and pens yet: On the reading habit of students. Journal of International education research, 12(4), 129-144.

Erdem, A. (2014). A research on reading habits of university students: (Sample of Ankara University and Erciyes University). Proceedia-Social Behavioral Sciences.2983-3990.

Fatiloro, O. F., Oyekola, A. A., & Hameed, B. A. (2017). A survey on the reading habits among colleges of education students in the information age. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(8), 106-110. ISSN 2222-288X (Online).

Gebhard, J.G. (2000). Teaching English as a foreign and second language. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan.

Grabe, W. (2003). Reading and writing relations: Second language perspectives on research and practice. In B. Kroll (Ed.), Exploring dynamics of 2nd language writing (pp. 242-262). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Greene, J. (2008). Is mixed methods social inquiry a distinctive methodology?. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 2(1), 7-22. DOI:10.1177/1558689807309969

Harl, A. (2013). A historical and theoretical review of the literature: Reading and writing connections. In: A. Horning and E. Kraemer, ed., Reconnecting reading and writing. United States of America: Parlor Press LLC and The WAC Clearinghouse.

Hedge T. (2005). Writing. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hinchey, P. H. (2008). Action research primer. New York: Peter Lang.

Horning, A. S., & Kraemer, E. (2013). Reconnecting reading and writing. United States of America. Parlor Press and The WAC Clearinghouse

Hyland, K. (2003). Second language writing. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Inderjit, S. (2014). Reading trends and improving reading skills among students in Malaysia. International Journal of Research in Social Sciences, 3(5), 70-81. Retrieved from

Issa, A., Aliyu, M., Akangbe, R. & Adedeji, A. (2012). Reading interests and habits of the Federal Polytechnic, OFFA, students. International Journal of Learning and Development, 2(1), 470-486.

Juriati, D. E., Ariyanti, A., & Fitriana, R. (2018). The correlation between reading comprehension and writing ability in descriptive text. Southeast Asian Journal of Islamic Education, 1(1), 01-14.

Kartal, Z. (2017). The relationship between students’ reading habit and their narrative writing ability (Master’s thesis). State Islamic University of Jakarta, Jakarta.

Kartawijaya, S. (2018). Improving students’ writing skill in writing paragraph through an outline technique. Journal of teaching and learning, 152-158. Retrieved from

Kellogg, R. T. (2018). 23 Professional writing expertise. The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance, 413. Retrieved from

Khoirunnisa, & Safitri, I. D. (2018). Reading habits and its effect on academic writing skill: A study of master degree students. Journal of English Language and Education, 4(1), 43-50.

Kidd, D. C., & Castano, E. (2013). Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind. Science, 342, 377–380. doi:10.1126/science.1239918

Klimova, B. F. (2012). The importance of writing. Paripex-Indian Journal of Research, 2(1), 9–11.

Krashen, S., & Williams, C. (2012). Is self-selected pleasure reading the cure for the long-term ELL syndrome? A case history NABE perspectives. Retrieved from

Li, Z. (2015). Connecting reading and writing: A case study. English Language Teaching, 8(6), 150-158.

Linuwih, E. R., & Winardi, Y. K. (2020). The influence of reading habit on students’ writing skill. Anglo-Saxon: Jurnal Ilmiah Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, 11(1), 37 – 47.

Lukhele, B.B.S. (2013). Exploring relationships between reading attitudes, reading ability and academic performance amongst primary teacher trainees in Swaziland. Reading & Writing, 4(1), 28-35. Retrieved from

Mahyar, U. (2012). The influence of reading habit on students writing skills. Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Siliwangi Bandung.

Moran, R. & Billen, M. (2014). The reading and writing connection: Merging two reciprocal content areas. Georgia Educational Researcher, 11(1), 186-208.

Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English language teaching: Exploring skills. New York: McGraw Hill.

Ogbodo, R. O. (2010). Effective study habits in educational sector: Counselling implications. Edo Journal of Counselling, 3(2), 229 -239. Retrieved from

Okebukola, F. O. (2004). Reading: Key to lifelong development. A keynote address delivered at the workshop on readership promotion campaign organized by the National Library of Nigeria, Lagos.

Okwilagwe, O. A. (1998). A new approach to reading comprehension and summary for schools and colleges. Ibadan, Nigeria: Sterling – Horden Publishers (Nig) Ltd.

Oriogu, C. D. (2017). Effect of reading habits on the academic performance of students: A case study of the students of Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State. Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies, 2(5), 74-80.

Oshima, A., & Hogue, A. (2007). Introduction to academic writing. New York: Longman.

Owusu-Acheaw, M., & Larson, A. G (2014). Reading habits among students and its effect on academic performance: A study of students of Koforidua Polytechnic. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved from

Pham, U. M. N. (2021). The Effects of Reading Habits on Reading Comprehension among EFL Students at Van Lang University. International Journal of TESOL & Education, 1(2), 15–44. Retrieved from

Plakans, L., & Gebril, A. (2012). A close investigation into source use in integrated second language writing tasks. Assessing Writing, 17(1), 18–34.

Putri, A., & Dewi, D. S. (2019). The correlation between listening strategies used by 4th-semester students of Unrika and their listening comprehension. Anglo-Saxon, 10(1), 67-74.

Rao, Z. (2007). “Training in brainstorming and developing writing skills”. ELT Journal, 61(2), 100.

Risman, K., Jufrizal, & Rozimela, Y. (2019). The correlation between reading habit and students’ writing ability. International Journal of Science and Research, 221-224.

Sakinah, S. (2018). The correlation between students’ reading habits and reading achievement in English education study program at Jambi University. Retrieved from

Santoso, D. A. A. (2015). The effects of reading habit and vocabulary mastery towards student’s speaking skill. DEIKSIS, 6(03), 181-188.

Singer, L. M., & Alexander, P.A. (2017). Reading across mediums: Effects of reading digital and print texts on comprehension and calibration. The Journal of Experimental Education, 85, 155-172. Retrieved from

Spratt, C., Walker, R., and Robinson, B. (2004). Mixed research methods: Practitioner research and evaluation skills training in open and distance learning. Burnaby, BC: Commonwealth of Learning.

Sukandi, S. (2013). Teaching writing to Indonesian EFL learners: Challenges of the "Voice" and "Style" in adjusting cross cultural communication skills. Proceeding International Seminar: Research Gate.

Tampubolon. (1993). Mengembangkan minat dan kebiasaan membaca pada anak. Bandung: Angkasa.

Taufan, M. Y. (220). Improving students' speaking skills through sociodramatic play at the second grade students of SMA Negeri 2 Mamuju. ELT Worldwide, 7, 119-124.

Luu, Trong Tuan. (2012). Teaching writing with reading integration. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2 (3), 489-499.

Wagner, S. (2002). The reading habits of teams. Journal of Reading Today, 46, 3-4.

Wati, S. O. (2021). The correlation between students’ reading habit and their writing ability. Jurnal Kepemimpinan Dan Kepengurusan Sekolah, 157-161. doi:10.34125/kp.v6i2.621

Wright, K. B. (2005). Researching internet-based populations: Advantages and disadvantages of online survey research, online questionnaire authoring software packages, and web survey services. Journal of computer-mediated communication, 10(3). Retrieved from




How to Cite

Nguyen, T. T. H. (2022). The Effects of Reading Habits on Writing Performance: A Case Study at Van Lang University. International Journal of TESOL & Education, 2(4), 105–133.