Investigating the Relationship between Home Literacy Environment (HLE) Activities and Emergent Literacy Skills Development

Authors

  • Kartika Nuswantara Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1152-9834
  • Eka Dian Savitri Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Hermanto Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Ni Wayan Suarmini Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Gita Widi Bhawika Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54855/ijte.22237

Keywords:

Emergent literacy skills; preschoolers, phonological awarenes, decoding skills.

Abstract

Early intervention is thought to be necessary to stimulate children's word knowledge. Children will be unable to encode and decode inputs on their own without adult assistance. As a result, interventions play a critical role in literacy development at all levels, especially during the emerging literacy phase, and parents are often the first to cast such interventions. The goal of this study is to identify the types of HLE Activities that parents regularly use, as well as the characteristics that contribute to the success of such activities in supporting the development of emerging literacy abilities in preschoolers. The current study surveyed 107 parents with preschoolers at home using a descriptive approach. The HLE activities in this study are limited to parent-child contact, phonological awareness, and decoding skills. The activities that parents most commonly carry out to promote the growth of emergent literacy skills are Phonic Awareness, which involves pointing out letters in isolation and words, and Decoding Skills, which involve introducing letters/words and their sound or pronunciation in songs or other fun ways. Then, in order to ensure the success of the implementation, parental education becomes a crucial aspect. Other issues, such as who raises preschoolers at home and infrastructure availability, become non-negotiable factors in determining the degree of HLE implementation. Overall, the study proposes that further research be done to help parents with less education and non-kinship caregivers practice HLE to help preschoolers develop their emergent reading abilities.

Author Biographies

Kartika Nuswantara, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia

Kartika Nuswantara has been working for the Department of Development Studies, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember in Surabaya, Indonesia for more than 2 decades. Currently, she is appointed to head the Social Humaniora Laboratory. Her main research interests fall upon some research areas including literacy, culture assimilations, Indonesia language teaching for foreign speakers, and TESOL.

Eka Dian Savitri, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia

Eka Dian Savitri is a lecturer at the Department of Development Studies, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya, Indonesia. The subjects that she teaches are Indonesian and interpersonal communication. Her research interests are in literacy, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, and interpersonal communication.

Hermanto, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia

Hermanto is a senior English lecturer in Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia. He teaches English for Academic Purposes, General English, and Bahasa Indonesia or Indonesian for Foreign Speakers. His interest other than teaching is research in the areas of language teaching, literacy, and socio-humanity. The author can be contacted through email: hermantoaku@gmail.com

Ni Wayan Suarmini, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia

Ni Wayan Suarmini is a lecturer at the Department of Development Studies, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh, Surabaya, Indonesia. She is interested to investigate the issues of state resilience and literacy for community. Her current research interest is on the basic literacy development as pillar to establish national resilience. Her email address is Wayan@mku.its.ac.id

Gita Widi Bhawika, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya, Indonesia

Gita Widi Bhawika is a lecturer at the Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS). She pursues research in the field of Technology Management. Her interest in this field has led her to engage in community service to increase the capacity of digital-technology literacy (website) and technology-based financial literacy (crowdsourcing, crowdfunding, e-money, and e-payment). She can be contacted through email gita@mmt.its.ac.id

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Published

17-06-2022

How to Cite

Nuswantara, K., Savitri, E. D., Hermanto, H., Suarmini, N. W., & Bhawika, G. W. (2022). Investigating the Relationship between Home Literacy Environment (HLE) Activities and Emergent Literacy Skills Development. International Journal of TESOL & Education, 2(3), 96–113. https://doi.org/10.54855/ijte.22237